Last August, died 37 Egyptian prisoners in a police car outside Abu Zaabal prison, suffocated with gas after detention 6 Hours in the car deportations in the summer, and the newspaper «The Guardian» British, conducted an investigation on the issue, and it showed for the first time, testimonies of survivors of the death car.
Due to the length of the investigation published newspaper, keen «Sunrise gate» to translate the bulk of it, and published in Arabic for readers.
On Sunday afternoon 18 August 2013 Egyptian director Mohamed El-Deeb pronunciation certificates and recent Usith, it was an informal process, it was not Muhammad has no paper to sign his name on them, and there was no lawyer to documented.
Muhammad simply turned to the man next to him with his hands shackled and disclosed to him for his debts to be paid if he died, and told him saying what he wants and what he says to his mother about his death details.
«6 hours crammed»
Mohammed had good reason to fear for his life. He was among 45 Prisoners «crammed» in the back of a police wagon narrow deportations with high temperature and in the courtyard of Abu Zaabal prison, northeast of Cairo. He had passed them in the car for more than six hours.
The outside temperature more than 31 ° C, and was much more at home. There was no place to stand, the prisoners did not have any water to drink, and some of them grabbed their shirts wet with sweat drops them to Aasroa race and Cherboha. While many of them have already awareness.
Most of the men inside the truck were isolated from supporters of President Mohammed Mursi, including Mohamed Abdel idol, a grain trader at the age of 43 -Year-old, also sat tucked next to Mohammed Deeb.
«Sympathy Attorney General»
On Sunday, 18 August, arrived Dr. Jamal Siam, professor of economics at the University of Cairo, to the Attorney General Hisham Barakat's office, and it was his son, Sharif was arrested on Wednesday «August 14», during the break up a sit-fourth, said Dr.. The beauty of the Attorney General that it is doing wrong and he needs to help.
Not «Sheriff» a member of the Brotherhood, and a supporter of Morsi. And has previously written on «Facebook» to isolate Morsi is not a coup, but a revolution, certainly went to a fourth two or three times, but it also came out in marches, anti-Mursi, and when a fourth resolution went there to help the wounded, he said his father.
Attorney General in turn expressed some sympathy, and gave the father a message signed by him to be presented to officials at the prison to speed up the consideration of the case Sharif. However, fasting, like the Attorney General did not imagine that it is too late to any interference.
Just a few minutes, called the sheriff and his colleagues fasting 36 «crammed» in a car deportations tear gas until they spent.
«Zeinhom morgue here»
The next day, footage of the bodies appeared during their arrival at the morgue Zeinhom with an accompanying warning, which could see it raised. Most of which have been swollen Thelont faces painted either red or black. It was the face of Mohammed Deeb of the few faces that did not distorted, but it was black and swollen to the point where it may be difficult to identify him.
And quickly blamed the prisoners themselves what happened. According to police officers, the prisoners abducted a policeman, when he opened the car door to get them out. Which prompted the officer's colleagues «kidnapped» to tear gas firing inside the vehicle to control them.
«Trial of two policemen»
The trial 4 Out 15 Police escorted the man Cart for negligence, but the trial was postponed in January, without specifying a new date her. Officials are still able to claim that what happened was the result of the disposal of the prisoners, ignoring certificate 8 Survivors: 4 Still in custody and four of the officers who were escorting prisoners.
After five months later, came to light testimonies collected for the first time about a different story, «a story about police brutality», and attempts to cover up what had happened which attempts that did not start day of the incident «Sunday 18 August », but began a few days before, specifically on Wednesday, when« arrested »45 prisoners from among the thousands in and around Rabi'a.
«Tragedy name Sharif»
The police arrested the «Sheriff» midday just a few streets from the fourth sit-in, where he began shooting before that six hours. And shows a video image of people «Sheriff» wearing a blue shirt, led by officers toward the police car, while another officer speeding toward him draw him a kick in the chest expect land.
Like thousands of detainees in the day, Sharif was charged with a long list of charges, including joining a terrorist group (A description which was launched by the state on the Brotherhood later) , And attempted murder and possession of lethal weapons, it is impossible to know the exact circumstances of his arrest, but his family believes that these charges is not possible ratification.
According to survivors Sharif was fasting and one of the victims of at least eight of the victims of Abu Zaabal were not supporters of Morsi or do not have a relationship Prabah.
«We are Ptoa National Party»
The Shukri Saad was a resident of Nasr City, and just bought a cure for diabetes is sufficient for a month when he was stopped by police, and suspected to buy medicine for a fourth wounded. It is said that Saad remained screaming while pushing it into a police car «I am not of the Muslim Brotherhood, I'm from the National Party».
In place not so long ago, it was «Talat Ali» offers tea to the soldiers and officers during Astraanhm of the sit, and the cafe owner decided to close early; because the officers refused to pay for the drinks, so Ali went on his way home. He said that the officers who arrested him are the ones who carried on their service. It is said to have mentioned them during his arrest: «I coffee boy, I made you tea».
Later, he was joined by vegetable seller Mohammed Ramzi, who came to the west of Cairo Nasr City for the sale option. Then there was Hamrawi Ahmed, who was on his way to sell his clothes in the middle of the country.
Rafik Abdul Ghani and stopped on his way to work, and subsequently issued a decision to release him on bail, but he was transferred to Abu Zaabal before bail. There also was a member of the party she holds Carné «tomorrow Revolution» Liberal.
Mohamed Abdel idol away from the sit-in was arrested as he was returning to his home, after many hours of ceasefire. Abdul idol had begun in the sit-in since the fourth pitched his tent in late June. When the siege began under the region.
I received a group of supporters of Morsi fire on the soldiers, in a desperate attempt to fend off security force, which included snipers on the surrounding surfaces, and which have caused much more than the victims of the victims caused by the limited number of Defense Task Force.
Abdul idol says he stayed in the back to help the wounded. After the third night, fire became so intense that it is difficult Saving Lives.
Later, he joined a group of friends of the people of the small town in the Delta. I heard that a friend was wounded in the chaos, and were looking for his body in a mosque in the faith, just a few blocks east than previously «a fourth camp».
A few meters away, the beauty of fasting was looking for his son. With midnight approaching Watch a video in which Sharif shows him being hit by a man police. Father says «I was happy, even though it was not a human, then at least he was alive».
Abdul-found idol and his friends on the body of their friend. They carried it in the back of a pickup truck on their way to the East for burial. There were about twenty of them are sitting on top of the body to hide them, making their way in the dark. After ten miles of the journey in sight at the checkpoint, an army.
Curfew was announced to control the violent clashes, and they were so Echtrkonh. Abdul says Idol «We sent down soldiers and began to harass us and our question of where we came corpse? Do we have permission to bury? ».
The soldiers took their money and belongings men, and called the police. An hour later launched the release of most of the Group with the exception of five apparently were chosen at random. And among them Abdul idol, someone else named Abdel Moneim .
And the third said Mohamed Sayed Mount, aged 29 Years: «They said there Batqna orders, this is surprising; because neither of us were not has a history with the police».
«Cairo Stadium.. Temporary prison »
The five returned to the north east of Cairo, and specifically to the police station in Heliopolis. There indicted carry a body without a license and vandalism, and thrown in a crowded cell with the crack of dawn.
He spent Hussein Abdel Aal old 60 -Year-old former employee of one of the oil companies, the night trapped in a football stadium, with thousands of other prisoners. Many people were arrested in and around a fourth was deported to Cairo Stadium on Wednesday evening, even providing them with places in police stations.
It was Abdel-Al had arrived a few hours to a fourth of the sit before there were rumors that the soldiers will storm the fourth in this morning and wanted to be there when the Space after the fourth turned into a symbol for him. As he wants to be near his son, Ramsey, an official in the Muslim Brotherhood, which was in the sit-in since the beginning.
Space violent when he began, Ramsey was killed by sniper fire from the top of a nearby building. Remembers his father «We were away from the front lines, but my son received a bullet in his forehead, and went out of the back of his skull».
Friends took the symbolic body to a field hospital set up by the Muslim Brotherhood in one corner of the camp. But when the building was filled with tear gas, they were forced to move around and were able to find a car traveling to a private hospital.
Army officer stopped the car at the gates of the hospital, and asked Abdel Aal out, and said the last of the reporter «The Guardian» in November last year, he begged the officer to stay with his son and said, «I will accept your feet, but let me with my son».
But he was arrested and deported to Cairo Stadium, where the police treated him as «animal» and beat him and directing «insults» him, and confiscated his money and his mobile phone.
«Facebook saved me»
Elsewhere on the pitch, Sharif met a person who was fasting still retains Bhattvh used to write on Facebook: «To everyone who reads this letter, I told my parents Stadium in Cairo».
When the curfew ended the next morning, the beauty of fasting tried to find a lawyer to take out his son. In spite of the multiple relationships where he was an advisor to the Minister of Agriculture in the Mubarak era, but none of his friends did not dare to intervene. So he went by himself to the stadium, but when he arrived Thursday morning, Sharif had been transferred to a police station in Heliopolis.
After visiting three different police stations, the beauty of fasting and his family was able to finally reach the place Sharif on Friday. At first, the officers denied its existence, but after an argument allowed his family to see him. Sharif did not talk much did not say much about the circumstances of his arrest, but he wept when his father hugged him.
Sharif was more calm when his father returned in the evening on Saturday. Siyam says : «Asked us teeth and toiletries brush, and ice cream for all». This was the last time the fast talking with his son.
And about six-thirty in the morning on Sunday, 18 August, was handcuffed 45 Prisoners. Each link the two together with the exception of Mohamed Abdel idol under which two men. The five prisoners from the eastern to squeeze in another vehicle deportations, which were already full.
Mr. Mount says: «I said to the officer: How can we ride there? He replied that the car can accommodate 70 People, and we paid for inside », but the technical report ordered by the prosecutor later said that the truck capacity not exceeding 24 People.
«Deportations death wagon»
After a little over time, deportations vehicle and accompanying the procession arrived at the prison. And worsened conditions when they arrived to the patio, during the road was the possibility of breathing easy, The air was sneaking through the closed windows of the four wires. But upon arrival, the rush of air and stopped inside the car suffered from shortness of breath.
What happened after that was the subject of investigation during which police made a match the testimony of survivor testimony from prisoners. The officer Abdul Aziz spring has refused to talk to the Guardian, however, testified before the prosecution lawyers for the survivors exposed, and endorsed Two other sources of police.
Abdul Aziz said that the ventilation pipes in the car was corrupted. However, the officer Amr Farouk – The commander of the convoy – He said he lose his own ventilation system and found it works.
The air temperature on that day of days about August 31 Celsius. The prisoners were forced to stay until delivery ends 600 A fourth of the detainees to Abu Zaabal prison. It was a long wait.
Survivors say the heat became unbearable. They were standing on one foot, and oxygen began to say, and people screaming for help. Abdul says Idol: «We started knocking on the walls of the car and began to scream, but no one answered».
«Insulting Morsi lifeline»
With the passage of time, Hussein Abdel Aal-old was 60 Years, and Shukri Saad diabetic patient suffering acre. «Abdel Aal» who performed open-heart surgery two years ago says : «I felt I was on the verge of death. And when he looked to the eyeballs I saw Saad has begun expanding and began to lose consciousness. We cry out that there are people dying. Ojabona we wish all of our death ».
According to survivors, the police began to make fun of prisoners. Abdel Aal continue his speech, saying,: «Told us we have to come up with insulting Morsi. So began the younger insults at him, but the police said that we can not leave, then told us to call ourselves the names of women, some did, but they said: We do not deal with women ».
«Drink of water»
In his testimony, Abdul Aziz did not mention that the policemen insulted who was in the vehicle, but said that dozens of smaller rank and who were guarding the car asked the four leaders who were sipping tea at close range, police men, asked them to agree to open the car doors and to give prisoners more water.
Officers refused all these requests except for one request: In between ten in the morning and the eleventh time, after about four hours from entering the prisoners to the car, they gave them water.
Initially, the police have not been able to open the door; because officers missed key. And use the officer Mohammed Yahya piece of iron to smash the lock. Even so, most of the prisoners kept at home, and allowed to Abdel Aal alone who was standing next to the door to stand briefly on the edge of the water workshops. Then pay again to the inside.
While leaving other deportations car doors open, when I got into the prison, close the car «Heliopolis» guards the door broken by handcuffs.
«Conflict of certificates»
The officer said Farouk that he allowed the prisoners to get out three times, which was denied by the survivors and Abdul Aziz, who was accompanied by prisoners throughout the day except for ten minutes away where he needs to spend. He said in the end: «We take upon ourselves the task of fetching water in bottles and poured through windows as guards».
And inside the car many prisoners began to fall with rising temperature. A lot was babbling while others were mutually delivers messages to their families. Mr. Mount says: «Of course the older the first to fall.. Others began to make a higher and higher noise, as we hear more from the outside of laughter and insults to Morsi ».
Abdul Aziz pointed to NH was clear «that the situation in the car may lead to suffocation of prisoners, but the four officers were still refuse to open the door». There was silence in the car. Most of the detainees and collapsed inside.
In the time after one in the afternoon, I heard from prisoners remained vigilant voices abroad. It came their turn to go down. The voices asking them that as they were asking them to hand over any valuable belongings of the prison staff. But it was only a few of them able to stand on his feet.
What happened after that was the subject of two novels conflicting. Farouk and most of his subordinates in the investigation said that when he opened the door by force Finally, tighten prisoners officer Yahya and held him to the inside.
The chaos led to the rush of more police officers from other cars on the scene. And Abdul Aziz was injured and another colleague while trying to save Yahya.
During the commotion, in an attempt to control the «riots», launched an anonymous police officer from the gas cylinder is usually carried by the officers to defend themselves, and that one of the windows of the car.
The officer Farooq said that Yahya and two others were transferred later to the hospital for exposure to the gas, while Abdul Aziz was treated for facial injuries.
«World Without meaning»
But according to the survivors and Abdul Aziz, this novel fakes. Abdul Aziz told the prosecutor that this did not happen, though one of the officers beat him on the face to make it look like he was in a clash with prisoners.
While explained Abdul Idol: «Let's be Mntqan, we have been very tired, we were not able even to walk. Most of us collapsed inside the car, it was five or six of us can only stand up, how will be able to hit the officer? »
The Interior Ministry declined to comment for «The Guardian», or to allow the newspaper to conduct interviews with officials in the police and prison. But Abdul Aziz certificate indicates that the prisoners were not in the case of kidnapping enable them to guard.
Says Abdul Aziz: «In view through the rear window of the car was the scene looks awful (Everyone lying on each other)».
In turn, Dr. Hisham Faraj said the morgue from which the bodies were taken said 37 prisoners were still alive when the gas release, where the effects of CS gas was found in the blood of every body.
He questioned the possibility that one gas cylinder contain enough to kill this number of people. But it is likely to be the straw that broke the group for a long time suffered from a lack of oxygen.
He said «Faraj» in written testimony to British newspaper: «We have decided that the police are responsible for all these victims; they Otkhmua car b 45 Prisoners. It is a very large number. So there was a lack of oxygen which calf deaths when using gas ».
Survivors say they did not close the door on purpose. Fact of the matter is that they were able to move. It was mostly unconscious, and the few who did not lose consciousness were cuffed hands Pfakadi awareness.
While pursuing «Abdel Aal», who was near the door: «One of them tried to awaken my hand free, punched, Felicamhani God, but he did not respond».
Abdul remained idol miss back to consciousness, he recalls «the officer began in our question: From behind the door ?, we can not deal with the situation, we were in a very strange case, we could not move ».
Officers «ores» was brought from the prison to open the door by force, and when it fails, they brought Mtkaba. In the end, the police managed to open the door a little.
Abdul Aziz Yahya says that the same pressure to the inside, and the officers began to tighten the prisoners through the tiny hole to the outside. Eight came out alive and that their skin was injured Balkhaddoh.
The little master of Mount «Once I came out breathing fresh air and I did not feel something and fell to the ground, then started beating us, there were two rows and beat me while I was on the ground».
Once out the door close to the prisoners, the police finally managed to enter the car. Says Abdul Aziz: «I found everyone throwing at each other». There was a foul smell made him gasping for air while others dragged him out of the car for ten.
During the get them, Abdul Aziz realized the terrible truth: Most crammed have died in hot car. Says Abdul Aziz «After that, the world has become meaningless».