Moroccan elections surprises added to the list of Arab country exception deserved.
Talking about the sweep achieved by the Moroccan Justice and Development Party in the local elections that took place on 4 September / September now,
ليس فقط لأن الحزب معروف بمرجعيته الإسلامية، ولكن أيضا لأن النتائج بدت مقدمة مثيرة للانتخابات التشريعية التي يفترض أن تجرى في العام المقبل.
The party, which leads the ruling coalition Increase of votes collected by three times, compared to the local elections that took place in 2009.
He also won the first place in the number of votes obtained in cities (1.672 Million votes) As in the villages (about 1.6 Million votes) A difference of tens of thousands of votes from what got it the other large parties.
However, things are different for his share of the seats in both cases,
It occupied the first place in the city council seats, and was followed by PAM is close to the royal palace, then the owner of the historical balance of the Independence Party.
A situation that differed in scattered villages where the re-districting,
إذ رغم أن حزب العدالة حصل على النسبة الأكبر من الأصوات، فإن ترتيبه جاء الثالث في عدد المقاعد، إذ سبقه حزب الأصالة والمعاصرة الذي احتل المركز الأول، وتلاه حزب الاستقلال.
And the story of districting and the seats have a long story, because they were not always innocent.
ذلك أن إقليم تارودانت مثلا الذي يضم ٤٠٠ ألف ناخب، خصص له ١٥٠٠ مقعد،
While in Casablanca, home to five million people have been allocated less than 500 seats, which is repeated in other areas.
However Valtkasem not without positive because it is a matter of democracy there is no interest in that one party has a monopoly on the top of the councils in urban areas and the desert, because the opposition is required even at that level of representation.
The big surprise in the folds of the details highlighted other surprises such as the major cities, which has been managed over the past years by the historical parties, all of them voted for the first time for the Justice and Development Party,
وهو ما أحدث انقلابا أدى إلى سقوط وزراء وسياسيين تقليديين أمام أجيال جديدة من القيادات تخوض التجربة لأول مرة.
He drew attention in this regard that the Secretaries-General of the two major parties lost in their two cities,
إذ سقط الأمين العام لحزب الأصالة والمعاصرة مصطفى الباكوري في مدينة المحمدية،
كما سقط الأمين العام لحزب الاستقلال حميد شباط في مدينة فاس التي كانت تعد من القلاع التاريخية لذلك الحزب.
And so important to vote capitals became the Kingdom of Morocco under the leadership of the Justice and Development Party,
From the administrative capital (Rabat)
To the economic capital (Casablanca, Morocco's largest city)
Scientific and capital (Fez) And Marrakesh, Agadir and Tangier, which is filled with activities and amusements that may represent a test of the new orientations of the region belonging to the head of the Islamic Party of basic tourist cities.
In the analysis of those results and wrote political activist Moroccan journalist Ali Anouzla exhibitions and opponents of a political Islam, published an analysis of site “Echo News” On September 9 / September of this, he described the victory as the Islamists of Morocco “Fascinating”
He said that the element of surprise in the elections not only lies in its results, but also in difficult contexts in which they came under the shadow.
He summarized those contexts in four factors:
– First, power and pressure associated with the palace circles, these circles do not look favorably to the leadership of the Islamist government.
– Second, the election was a first real test for the Islamists of Morocco since their arrival to the leadership of the government.
The delay these elections four years in order to weaken the party and drained, especially as it was forced to take unpopular decisions was the increase in fuel prices and the removal of subsidies, which were provided by the state to the prices of basic materials.
كما أن رئيس الحكومة أجبر في أكثر من مناسبة على تقديم تنازلات للقصر في أمور هي من صلاحياته طبقا للدستور المغربي الجديد.
In addition to the exposure of some of the projects put forward by the Reform Party hampered by rejecting the centers of power to change, and some are powered by power.
– Third, the official media, which monopolized power and the private media which controls the power centers and networks of interests, has been harnessed throughout the four years to undermine the Islamic government experience and weaken and distort it to the public.
In contrast, there was the obvious weakness of the Islamists in the defense of their projects and marketing their achievements and face their opponents on the media front.
– The fourth factor to victory “Dazzling” Islamists came to Morocco in the context of the regional nature of the significant decline of political Islam in the Arab world,
إضافة إلى التراجع النسبي للنموذج الأردوغاني الذي ظل لعدة سنوات يجسد نموذجا تسعى تيارات الإسلام السياسي في المنطقة العربية إلى تقليده،
وهو ما ينبئ بميلاد نموذج إسلامي سياسي عربي في المغرب، طابعه الاعتدال والبرغماتية السياسية.
The author concluded that the success of the Justice and Development Party is measured by two things are important:
الأول أنه نجح في اختراق الطبقة الوسطى التي تقطن المدن.
So that most of the categories of this class, which the Islamic Party does not share his vision became a community see it as an alternative to the integrity of the body of the hand and the face of corruption.
Second, and most importantly that the speech of the Secretary-General of the Party (Head of Government) Abdelilah Benkirane, who throughout the campaign focused on attacking the influence of centers of power, contributed to budge obsessed with the fear that seemed to come back to control the minds of the people to remove him after the Arab Spring.
In the opinion of the writer “Justice and Development” If you do not succeed only in this last point of wrote him a gold leaf in the greatest achievements that may impact beyond the borders of Morocco Balance.
In the year 2003, when the terrorist attacks occurred in Casablanca, rivals the Justice and Development Party and his opponents were quick to point a finger to it on the grounds that his presence on the scene contributed to the revitalization of the hardline Salafi movements that were behind these events.
Voices rose and left-wing and ultra-secularists calling for a solution to the party and banned. And draft a solution on the Government's agenda at the request of ministers left,
إلا أن الملك محمد السادس تدخل من جانبه لوقف الاحتقان السياسي.
ومن ثم واصل الحزب مشاركته في الحياة السياسية عبر عضوية البرلمان الذي مثل فيه آنذاك بـ٤٢ عضوا نجحوا في الانتخابات التشريعية التي تمت عام ٢٠٠٢.
But that did not stop the smear campaign against him led by the media, which was Mnabra of deep state in the competition along with her lead parties.
ولوقف تمدده ظهر في الساحة حزب الأصالة والمعاصرة الذي تشكل عام ٢٠٠٨، وكان مؤسسه وزير الداخلية السابق ومستشار الملك فؤاد عالي الهمة.
While raising the Justice and Development Party (Which was formed in 1997) Slogans fight corruption and ensure the stability, development and justice, originality party presented himself as a competitor and his anti-reactionary and committed and calling for freedom and liberalism and modernity,
It seemed the disparity in the speech, expressing bipartisan strategy,
فحزب العدالة اعتبر أن معركته خدمة المجتمع
While the authenticity Party chose from the first moment that the battle against the AKP project.
The Justice Party has announced since its inception (in a year 1998 It changed his name from the Popular Movement of constitutional democracy to the AKP party) that he
“National political party seeks the basis of Islamic reference in the constitutional monarchy based on the framework of the Emirate of believers, to contribute to building a modern and democratic Morocco”.
In practice presented a different model was based on several pillars summed up in the following points Dr. Saad Eddin Ottoman head of the National Council of the party (Consultative Council) And former foreign minister:
– The party's independence from the Islamic Movement (Unification and Reform) Which came out of her abaya, then it disengagement effort and political advocacy work, and the latter himself away from the party.
– He chose the path of peaceful political action, which goes to achieve the conversion of reform generally accepted national principles, and through the elected democratic institutions, and to cooperate as much as possible with the dominant power of minors.
– Gradient in the exercise of public work through payment in limited numbers in the various electoral benefits.
– Raising the slogan of the community by the community, so it is under the obligation limited to the fight against corruption and achieve development.
– And refused to monopolize power and the starting of cooperation with other political forces dedicated to the principle of partnership.
Therefore, the ruling coalition became the -To by the Justice and Development Party- The participation of ministers representing the insistence of the National Rally of parties (Liberal close to the palace) And the SPLM (My right hand is closer to the representation of the Amazigh) And the Party of Progress and Socialism (Former Communist Party).
In this selection of the majority party led Morocco management during the past four years, and to avoid a clash with the palace all the time, until the dissolution of the date of the last election that the Prime Minister and the Secretary General of the party Benkirane described the results by saying that the Moroccan people responded to his party salute the best of them.
This is not the end of the day, of course, because the next track many of the interactions and possibilities,
On the one hand, the entry of the Justice and Development Party heavyweights such big cities manage to turn it into a key actor in local affairs through direct contact with the masses, something that would have a significant impact happens in the next legislative elections.
On the other hand, the results achieved more than raise a question mark over the future of the party relationship palace which surprised doubling of votes obtained by the Justice and Development Party.
وفي رأي المحلل السياسي المغربي خالد الجامعي فإن العادة جرت على أن يتراجع رصيد الحزب الذي يمارس السلطة، وهو ما راهن عليه القصر الذي لا يريحه أن يتعامل مع حزب قوي تتزايد شعبيته.
However, the palace will be forced to deal with it, at least as it will be needed to pass can not pass if the party has become in opposition.
It is likely that the palace university professor would try to strike a balance in the face of the Justice and Development Party, by seeking to inject new water strengthens the independence of the party and the Socialist Union in the face.
Thirdly, the results mobilized other political parties and fueled competition and conflict among them, after it became clear that the AKP threatens its influence and presence.
The conflict has become a threat to existing alliances, especially in light of contention for the presidency of cities and municipalities.
No one can claim that there has been a fundamental variable on the Moroccan regime which the palace is still the dominant and holding most of the game and the most important political strings structure.
But no one can deny that the Moroccan people first -alvaiz in elections- رفع صوته وأصبح أمله في التغيير أكبر بعد انتفاضة ٢٠ فبراير/شباط ٢٠١١ التي كانت من أصداء الربيع العربي حين هبت رياحه في ذلك العام.
It is true that half is still long to accomplish the desired democratic change,
إلا أن إحياء الأمل في إحداث ذلك التغيير له أهميته، لأن بعض تجارب الربيع العربي انتكست إلى درجة أنها لم تحدث التغيير، بل وأجهضت الأمل في تحقيقه في الأجل المنظور.
the source : Al Jazeera Net