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On this day, was born imam and preacher “Hassan Al Banna” (In 14 October 1906 – He died 12 February 1949 m )
واسمه بالكامل حسن أحمد عبد الرحمن محمد البنا الساعاتي هو مؤسس حركة الإخوان المسلمين سنة 1928 In Egypt and the first guide her and editor of the first newspaper issued by the group in 1933, grew up in interested in Islam as a way of life of an educated family where his father was a scientist and investigator in modern science, influenced by Sufism through inadvertent contact with Sheikh Abdul Wahab Alhsafa Sheikh way Alhsafah Chadelya in 1923 And it had a major impact in the formation of his personality,
كما تأثر بعدد من الشيوخ منهم والده الشيخ أحمد والشيخ محمد زهران – His Delight magazine and the owner of Al-Rashad School which he joined briefly in Mahmudiya – Including Sheikh Tantawi also essential His interpretation of the Koran gems.
He graduated from the Darul Uloom in 1927 Then appointed as an instructor in the city of Ismailia in the same year and transferred to the city of Qena in administrative decision 1941 Then leave the teaching profession in 1946 To devote himself to manage Shehab newspaper.
Founded in 1928 The Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamic political organization aiming to implement Islamic law in everyday life and restore Islamic rule based on the opinions and theses to understand contemporary Islam, where he said:«Islam doctrine and worship and homeland, nationality and religion and state and the spiritual and the Koran and the sword.» In light of the dispersion of the Islamic nation and its location under British colonialism and the French and Italian and the European invasion intellectual Arab world taking calls for people to return to the peace and the dissemination of the principles of Islam in all Egyptian cities and the countryside.
And the product of his literary works, including the martyr Imam Hassan al-Banna messages and is considered a basic reference to get to know the thought and approach the Brotherhood in general, it printed several editions also entitled advocacy and calling diary but does not cover all the stages of his life and stop at a year and a diary 1942 It has a large number of research articles published in short, all newspapers and areas of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was published in the thirties and forties,
أوّل مقال نشره كان سنة 1928 Conquest in the newspaper under the title of the call to God and another article published before his assassination was the strength of the ordeal was published in December in 1948 Brotherhood in the daily newspaper ahead of the decision to dissolve the Muslim Brotherhood in the same month.
Banna was born in Mahmudiya acts of the lake in the Nile Delta province Sunday 25 Shaaban of the year 1324 E which belongs to a middle class rural family, she was working in agriculture in a village in the Delta is a village near the coastal city of Hamsharh Rashid. His grandfather was a farmer, Abdul Rahman, and grew up and his father Ahmed away from work in agriculture, he studied law in Science Ibrahim Pasha Mosque in Alexandria. During his studies and joined the whereabouts of watch repair in Alexandria, and then became a trade and commerce, hence the fame Balsaati. He became the father of modern scholars and has the many works of the most important order of Musnad Ahmad with a key to him easy access to his speeches, and has also book Badaa'i Almanan in collecting and arranging datum Shafei In Knfe grew Hassan al-Banna are printed a lot of printing, learning on his hands craft watch repair and bookbinding Also.
Subscribe to Hassan al-Banna since the early years of age in some religious associations, and joined a mystical way to know the way Alhsafah, until he became secretary of the Association Alhsafah of righteousness, a thirteen-year-old.
تميز حسن البنا بفهم واسع، وذكاء متقد، وذاكرة قوية، وكان حريصًا على الصلاة وأدائها في المسجد، مداومًا على تلاوة القرآن الكريم، يهتم بأداء الشعائر الدينية ويدعو زملاءه إليها، يُجيد فنَّ الحوار والإقناع، ويتميز بالشجاعة الأدبية واللباقة في الأسلوب، والأهم كانت لديه فكرة لتغيير النظم بما يتوافق مع رؤيته للإسلام.
Ein al-Banna, a teacher of Arabic language and a primary school in Ismailia, including Scurry at the invitation of the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Banna, then returned in 1932 To Cairo again to engage his teacher at Balsptih Abbas, and took his group to establish Based widespread and moves them from one stage to stage.
أمضى البَنّا ما يقرب تسعة عشر عامًا مُدرِّسًا بالمدارس الابتدائية؛ في الإسماعيلية ثم في القاهرة، وعندما استقال من وظيفته كمدرس في سنة 1946. He had won the fifth degree in Career Level of government, and his resignation after work for a short time in the daily newspaper The Muslim Brotherhood, then Shehab monthly magazine issued starting in 1947; to be an independent source of livelihood but closed the dissolution of the Muslim Brotherhood in 8 December 1948.
● contribute to the advocacy work
When consisted of literary ethics Association was chosen by his colleagues to be the president of the Governing Council of the Assembly, and then they created another association outside the scope of their school Highness prevent taboo Association, then the idea evolved in the head after he joined the School of teachers in Damanhour. Alhsafah he established the charity which was undertaken in two main fields: Publication of the invitation to morality and resist evil and taboo deployed. And second: Resistance missionaries. After completion of the study in the school teachers go to Cairo and belonged to a school house in the Supreme Science Vastrk Makarim Islamic morality Association
● Muslim Brotherhood
After the abolition of the Islamic Caliphate years 1924 أصبح الدين من وجهة نظر البعض علامة على الجهل والتأخر والبعد عن الحضارة، وخلع الكثير من نساء مصر الحجاب، فعمل حسن البنا على تكوين جماعة من الدعاة المتحمسين من طلبة دار العلوم والأزهر، وخرجوا إلى الناس في المساجد والمقاهي يخاطبونهم بأسلوب بسيط، ويرشدونهم إلى التمسك بدينهم واتباع سنة الرسول،
Even when he was appointed as a teacher in 1927 Ismailia schools for boys, did not stop his call, and chose to go for people to call in their crowded cafes which was portrayed them as an Islamic way of life is based on the construction of four columns; the government, and the nation, and the family, and the individual. Influenced by calling many, founded the al-Banna, the Muslim Brotherhood Association in Ismailia, then was transferred to a teacher in Cairo, and take calls on Muslims to return to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet Mohamed peace be upon him.svg, even bone Brotherhood ordered Muslims and numbered at that time more than half a million people.
● cause of foundation and nucleus
Brotherhood was founded in March – March 1928, where he visited Hassan al-Banna in his home, Hafiz Abdul Hamid, Ahmed exclusive, Fuad Ibrahim, Abdul Rahman by God, Ismail Ezz, and Zaki Moroccan, who have been affected by his lectures, and said to him – Banna as he tells in his memoirs -:
«We have heard and consciousness, and we do not know what we were moved practical way to pride of Islam and Muslims is better. We are tired of this life, the life of humiliation and restrictions. Now we see that Arabs and Muslims in this country have no chance of status or dignity, and that they are preparing to make a tidy belonging to these foreign… And all that we want now to introduce to you our liability is discharged from the hands of God. You and be in charge of his hands us. We must work as God compact group loyal to his religion to live and die in the process, not-so only his face and eligible to convert to Christianity, if less number and I promised”»
Approved al-Banna, and the pledge of allegiance, and was the founding of school discipline to save the Koran and explained the fence, and save and explain prophetic traditions and ethics of Islam, became the headquarters of the Brotherhood school, and went out the first installment of the Muslim Brotherhood and the number was more than seventy, he began the work of the Muslim Brotherhood spread in the realms of life and wide as the building of mosques and dissemination science and help those in need, and came in a speech in the first-Banna Brotherhood mosque:
"If one of us kept on loving elders and satisfy presidents, and the nation Tjtalp pleasure of states, and documenting diets between them and other governments, and spend the money, and establish its embassies and consulates, would not we should and we must Ntrdy State of the sky, especially the Lord of the Worlds, which has Soldiers heavens and the earth, and in his hand the whole thing?! Ntrdah the establishment of mosques and architecture, and the performance of the prayers of her time Fimdna Bjendh which is not dominated and his army invincible. "
the source : Wikipedia
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